The first epoch of art history * goes back to cave painting. This is the watercolor painting in history with the oldest painting technique ever. At that time, charcoal or hematite was dissolved in water or grease and used the simplest brush to apply paint.
Ancient Egyptian painted papyrus was found in Egypt. For a long time, Asia has been known for its calligraphies, which are painted with water-soluble Indian ink. Still was predominantly “opaque” painted, in which white color was added. This can be seen in the history and development of medieval mural paintings and miniatures.
The watercolor painting, as we know it today, began its development in the year 900 AD. Characteristic for this was the use of translucent watercolors, for example, to draw ink drawings or woodcuts. This development was supported by artists such as Albrecht Dürer or Rembrandt. For them, the watercolor painting was important for study purposes and as a preliminary work in the development of their large oil paintings. Especially Dürer’s studies, painted with gouache and watercolors, enhanced the technique of watercolor painting in its development. Nevertheless, watercolor painting was still not a valued and independent art form.
This should change in the 18th century. The further development of watercolor painting is associated above all with a name: William Turner. The English painter was one of the first to use watercolor painting not only to color his drawings. He began to create pictures with this painting technique directly on the painting ground.
By painting outdoors in the 19th century, the history of painting with watercolors was widely extended. Not only hobby painters became part of this development, but also great artists such as Paul Cézanne, Eugène Delacroix, Maria Sibylla Merian, Christian Modersohn and Emil Nold set outstanding accents in watercolor painting. For the first time in history, watercolor painting was also promoted academically, as in England by the Waters Color Society.